Luoyang is one of vital sources of Chinese nation and civilization with over 5000 years’ history, renowned as one of the “Four Ancient Capitals in China”. This city has well preserved many heritages the nation left during the long history or local special sightseeing like Longmen Grottoes, Shaolin Temple, White House Temple, National Peony Garden……
It is an important stop of the ancient Silk Road and also a must-go site to explore the great past of China. Chinaxiantour designed diversified tours covering those sites to fit for our customers’ different needs and customized tours to satisfy your personal conditions are also flexibly provided.
Luoyang city of Henan Province locates in the middle of China land, belonging to the area between subtropics zone and warm zone, influenced by the distinct monsoons. Throughout the whole year, Luoyang shows the following features in climate: winter is cold and dry with a little of rain or snow; spring is still dry and has lots of wind; summer is hot and experience dense rainfall; autumn is warm with lots of sunny days.
The temperature in spring is about 12.3-15.2℃ in average , so you are suggested to wear jackets, sweater and long pants.
The average temperature in summer is about 22.9-26.6℃ but usually get to be over 35℃ in the heat of the year. Accordingly, you are suggested with short pants, T-shirts and dress as well as some staff against the burning sunlight, such as sunscreen cream and sun glasses.
1. Longmen Grottoes
Longmen Grottoes is one of great treasures in Chinese stone carving art, occupying an important position in both world and national heritage list. Together with Maogao Grottoes, Yungang Grottoes and Maijishan Grottoes, Longmen Grottoes is honored as one of the “Four Great Grottoes in China”.
It locates at the Longmen Mountain and the cliff of Xiangshan Moutain at the south suburb of Luoyang City. Built in North Wei Dynasty about 494 A.D, Longmen Grottoes had experienced east and west Wei dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasty as well as Song Dynasty, being under the large-scaled construction for over 400 years. Today there are about 100,000 Buddha figures and the largest one is up to 17 meters high.
With Yi River as a border line, Longmen Grottoes is divided into two parts, east mountain Grottoes zone and west zone. The west mountain grottoes had been carved in north Wei Dynasty and Sui & Tang Dynasties which has been the best part of Longmen Grottoes including “Vairocana Buddha” in Fengxian Temple and the “Longmen Twenty Calligraphic Gems”, while the whole east mountain part had been constructed in Tang Dynasty (618-907).
Fengxian Temple is the largest carving group with finest artistic skills among the whole Longmen Grottoes. The Vairocana Buddha in it has been said to take the only Empress Wu Zetian as the mold, which also is the most popular and noble Buddha.
The Longmen Twenty Calligraphic Gems are stone tablets with words to record the constructing time, purpose and figures of the Buddha, picked out elaborately since north Wei time. The characters on the tablets not only provide precious material to study Buddhist culture and history of ancient China but also show the high level of Chinese calligraphy.
Xiangshan Temple at the east mountain of Longmen Grottoes is a Buddhist temple built to store the remains of Indian monk “Divakara” in Empress Wu Zetian time. The famous poet Bai Juyi of Tang Dynasty had strolled around here frequently. And according to his will, Bai Juyi had been buried at north of Xiangshan Temple after he dead, hence the today’s Bai Cemetery.
Usually, travelers could walk throughout the whole process in Longmen Grottoes, however if there are old people, little kids, disabled people or people who are not in good health condition, they could take a shuttle bus at CNY10 per person in the site. The visiting route for Longmen Grottoes usually go though the following spots one by one: the entrance gate—west mountain grottoes—east mountain grottoes—Xiangshan Temple—Bai Cemetery.
2. Shaolin Temple
- The famous Luoyang Peony Festival lasts from 1st April to 10th May in each year when there are more travelers pouring into all attractions in Luoyang, especially Longmen Grottoes, White Horse Temple and Shaolin Temple, etc. If Peony Festival is not your priority, you are suggested to avoid such a peak time.
- There is about 800m from the parking lot to the entrance gate, so people who are not in a good physical condition could take the shuttle bus at per person CNY10.
Shaolin Temple also named Monk Temple locates at the south slope of Songshan Mountain, about 13 km to the northwest of Dengfeng City, Henan Province. It had built in 495 of North Wei Dynasty, used to accommodate the master monk Buddhabhadra from India by Emperor Xiaowen who admired the monk a lot. Songshan Mountain is divided into two parts: Taishi Mount at east and Shaoshi Mount at west. Shaolin Temple is right at the jungle of Shaoshi Mount, hence the name (Lin in Chinese means jungle or forest, so Shaolin refers to juggle at Shaoshi Mountain).
The architectural complex in Shaolin Temple mainly includes three parts: Changzhuyuan (the so-called Shaolin Temple), Talin (the grave yard of the generations of monks in Shaolin Temple), Chuzu Convent (Bodhidharma Cave). Shaolin Temple had been maintained at a quite large scale in its peak time. Unfortunately, in 1928, warlords brought China under the tangled warfare among warlords and Shaolin Temple was hardly removed from the suffering. A warlord named Shi Yousan burned it, resulting in badly damage to the major buildings like Main Hall and the Heaven Palace. Today the main architectures here you could see has been rebuilt.
Shaolin Temple was the birthplace of Shaolin Kung Fu, which among the all Kung Fu sects is an important one with the longest history, most fist position sorts, widest Kung Fu range involved in, regarded as the “the First Great School in Kung Fu World”. At about 700m of east of Shaolin Temple locates the Shaolin Temple Wushu Hall where travelers could watch the Kung Fu Show for about 30 minutes.
It is also the holy land for Buddhism in China. In 527 A.D, the famous Indian monk Buddhabhadra arrived at south China by water and then continued to head towards north to reach the middle land. He came to Shaolin and preached Buddha dharma around here, thus Shaolin Temple had established its position of holy land for Buddhism.
- Please expect there are lots of travelers from home and aboard each day, even in low season when considering its great fame across the world.
- You are suggested to check the Kung Fu Show time one day before due to time variability.