Visit to Terracotta Warriors and Horses is the most important aim for almost all tourists during their Xian tour. It is also one of the top attractions in the world.
Terracotta Warriors and Horses are mortuary objects of the Emperor Qingshihuang. The Terracotta Army Pits locate 1500 km east to the Emperor’s Mausoleum. Mainstream of experts agree the master of Terracotta Warriors and Horses is the Emperor Qingshihuang, but some others hold the different idea. Some experts think the master of these underground troops is Qinshihuang’s great grandmother – the Queen Mother Mi. Queen Mother Mi was nobility of the Chu State during the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC).
The experts who speculate that Queen Mother Mi is master of Terracotta Army provide the following features of Terracotta Army that go against with Qin State’s culture.
Reference frame one – the bob on right top of the head
Terracotta Army is thought to be troops of the Emperor Qingshihuang. But differ from the normal soldiers who are prepared for war, they have no helmets on their heads. Instead, most of them have a bob on the right top of their heads and they wear some fine hair braids. The figures of Terracotta Army were created based on the real persons, horses, weapons, chariots, etc. So Mr. Chen Jingyuan, an architect who does lots of work on study of Terracotta Army, beliefs the bobs on the soldiers’ right head also have their life prototype. And according to his research, if deploying the soldiers bobs and the hair braids their hair would be minimum 0.6 meters long. It is basically impossible that the real soldiers in military camp have time to deck themselves in that way. While in the ancient tomb of Chu State, the terracotta figures with the same bob were also unearthed.
Reference frame two – the colorful Clothes of Terracotta Soldiers
Black is the compulsory clothes color of the Qin State. And the Emperor Qinshihuang issued an ordinance about upholding of black. So how could he promise soldiers with colorful clothes buried with him?
But among the 1087 soldier figures unearthed in pit one, there are 88 soldiers dressed in red, 52 soldiers in purple, 118 soldiers in green, 16 soldiers in azure black, and 2 soldiers in white. The soldier figures in pit three have more rice colors: vermilion, rose color, pink… there are 13 colors in total.
Reference frame three – the chariots with different wheel base
During excavation there are many chariots unearthed. The size the wheel base of these chariots are various. In the Warring Period each state has special width of their national road, so the wheel bases are also unique. After the Emperor Qinshihuang unified the other six states, he ordered the new unified standards of the chariot size and the wheel base. While the chariots unearthed in Terracotta Army pits were made in different wheel base: 1 meter, 1.1 meters, 1.2 meters, 1.3 meters, 1.37 meters, etc. the emperor required all the chariots of Qin Dynasty show take the same size, how could he allowed the chariots buried in his mausoleum take the different sizes?
Reference frame three – the gloomy elder soldiers
According to Chen Jingyuan, just a few soldier figures are the young ones. More of the soldier figures are wearing moustache. And most soldiers with moustache are fat and looks slack. The archeologist Wang Yuqing declared in his published article that among the 29 soldier figures’, 3 are young ones, and all the other 26 are elder ones.
General speaking, only a few soldier figures are in positive mental condition. Most of them are gloomy. The doughty Emperor would choose the depressed troop to guard his nation in the nether world.
Conclusion of Chen Jingyuan – the mater of Terracotta army may be Queen Mother Mi
Chen Jingyuan surmises the real master of Terracotta Warriors is the great grandmother of the Emperor Qin Sihuang – the Queen Mother Mi who was born and grew up in the Chu State. Chen Jingyuan said some features of Terracotta Army are the reflection of Chu culture. For example, the colored clothes of Terracotta figures adopted red and purple as the main color. While it is the popular color in Chu State.
Besides, having a hair bob on right top of head is also the habit of Chu people. The elder gloomy Terracotta figures are probably the attendant of the Queen Mother.
And if the master of Terracotta Warriors is Queen Mother Mi, the chariots with different sizes and wheel base will become reasonable.