Xian is hometown of world famous Terracotta Warriors and Horses, in the recent years, Xian tour is increasingly popular among international tourists. When you wander in the city area, you will meet many ancient streets. They usually lay off from the main streets and are usually narrower. But actually they are wonderful places to learn about the city’s history. The origin of some old streets or trails in Xian that remain from Han or Tang dynasty.
Cypress Woods(Baishu Lin): Located in inner side of Gate Wenchang (one of the Xian City Wall gates), adjacent to Gate Duanlv in its north. During the Ming Dynasty, magistrate Sun Renyi expanded this street and planted a lot of cypresses on both sides. Then it is called Cypress Woods.
Gate Duanlv(Duanlv Men): In the early Ming Dynasty, the emperor built an imperial palace in Xian city. When entering the main archway of this palace, each officer neatened his hat and shoes here, waited to be summoned by emperor. As time passed, the archway is called Gate Duanlv. However, the city wall connected with Duanlv gate has already been destroyed, only the name kept.
Dismount Hill (Xia Ma Po): According to legend, the famous Han Dynasty reformer Dong Zhongshu was buried here after his death . In honor of him, every time Emperor Wu of Han passed by the place, he dismounted and walked through the small hill. Hence the folk called it Dismount Hill.
Bamboo Market(Zhuba Shi): The commercial markets are gathered here in Ming Dynasty , such as porcelain bazaar, whip bazaar, bamboo bazaar, book shops and gold shops and so on. The bamboo products are most scaled, so there’s a name of Bamboo Market. Actually bamboo products can still be seen at present.
Mule& Horse Fair(Luoma Shi): The name of Luoma Shi was truly formed at the end of Ming Dynasty. There were livestock trading everywhere in this market, thus came the name of the old street as Mule &Horse Fair(Luoma Shi). The place now sets shopping, leisure, catering, entertainment and other functions as one of the super large fashion, humanities, leisure life plaza, and is known as the concentration of young people in Xian.
College Door(Shuyuan Men) : The name of which originated from Guanzhong Academy(Shuyuan for Chinese pronunciation) that located in the streets of it. Guanzhong Academy was the top educational institution in Ming and Qing Dynasties, also one of the most famous academies in ancient China. Every year amounts of master calligraphers and painters gather here and make delicate exhibitions.
Five Flavors Crossroads (Wu Wei Shi Zi): From Ming and Qing Dynasty to early Republican era, the place was a collection of pharmacy. There were many famous Chinese medicine shops. The street was named after the five flavors of Chinese traditional medicine: sweet, pungent, sour, bitter and salty.
Big &Small Learning Lane: The oldest lane in China. In the glorious age of Tang Dynasty, there were millions of Hu people(considered as northern barbarians in ancient China) living here. Some Hu people came to Chang’an(Xian’s past name) to have an audience with Tang emperor, they all need to learn Han language(the name of mainly used language in ancient China) and local courtesy here. Thus there’s a name of Big(or Small) Learning Lane.
Numerous thousands-year of ancient alleys that crisscross in this square Xian city. Millennium streets, Centennial pine trees, old bells, and stories passed from word of mouth make this city still remain its style even after thousands of years.