Ergun Wetland, also known as Genhe Wetland, is an expansive and picturesque wetland area situated in Ergun City, Inner Mongolia, China. It covers an area of over 12,000 hectares (29,653 acres), making it the largest and best-preserved wetland in China.
Nature enthusiasts will find Ergun Wetland a fascinating destination as it boasts an impressive variety of flora and fauna, with over 283 species of plants, 252 species of mammals, reptiles, and other vertebrates, and 230 species of birds, including some endangered species like the red-crowned crane. Visitors can relish the stunning scenery of the wetland, with winding rivers, verdant vegetation, and intertwining lakes and swamps. They can also engage in various activities such as birdwatching, drifting on the lake, taking a hot air balloon trip, and feeding deer to make the most of their visit.
- Location: Ergun City, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia, China
- Opening time: 08:30 – 17:00 (Admission ends at 17:00)
- Ticket price: 65CNY per person for Ergun Wetland Scenic Area
- Time Needed: 1 to 2 days
- Best time to visit: June to September, when the wetland is green and lush
- Suited to: Anyone who loves nature, photography, and adventure
What to See and Do in Ergun Wetland
Drifting on the lake:
Visitors can take a boat and drift on the lake to enjoy the stunning scenery of the wetland and relax in the tranquil atmosphere.
Hot air balloon trip:
Visitors can take a hot air balloon trip to get a bird’s eye view of the wetland and appreciate the vastness of the area.
Visitors can feed the deer in the wetland and interact with these friendly animals.
Ergun Wetland offers a picturesque landscape, which makes it an ideal place for photography enthusiasts to capture the beauty of the wetland.
Ergun Wetland is home to over 230 species of birds, including some endangered species like the red-crowned crane. Visitors can observe these beautiful birds in their natural habitat and appreciate their unique behaviors.
Hiking and exploring:
Visitors can explore the wetland on foot and appreciate the lush vegetation, winding rivers, and interlaced lakes and swamps.
Visiting local villages:
Visitors can visit the nearby local villages to learn about the unique culture and lifestyle of the local people and try some of the traditional cuisines.
Best Time to Visit Ergun Wetland
The prime time to visit Ergun Wetland is from June to September when the weather is agreeable, and the wetland is green and flourishing. During this period, visitors can relish the breathtaking view of the wetland, watch migratory birds, immerse themselves in the local culture and lifestyle, and explore the historical and cultural sites related to Genghis Khan.
However, keep in mind that June to August is the peak season for tourism, so visitors may encounter more crowds and higher prices. Those who prefer to avoid the crowds can plan their visit in early June or late September when the wetland is still stunning, and the weather is still pleasant.
Attractions nearby Ergun Wetland
- White Birch Forest Scenic Area: This forest park features stunning white birch trees, grasslands, lakes, and wooden houses. It is an ideal location for hiking, camping, and photography enthusiasts.
- Montenegro Head(Heishantou): This border town boasts a large black stone monument marking the boundary between China and Russia. It offers a beautiful view of the Ergun River and the Russian town across the river.
- E’erguna National Wetland Park: This wetland scenic area is home to diverse flora and fauna, including many rare birds like the red-crowned crane and the white-naped crane.
- Shiwei Russian Town: This border town features Russian-style architecture and customs. Visitors can explore the Russian-style wooden houses, churches, and museums, sample local food and vodka, and learn about the town’s unique culture.
- Aoluguya Reindeer Village: This village is the only place in China where visitors can see reindeer and their herders. Visitors can feed the reindeer, ride on a sleigh, and learn about the culture and lifestyle of the Ewenki people.
- Hulun Lake: This lake is the fifth-largest freshwater lake in China and an ideal location for boating and fishing. Visitors can also appreciate the spectacular sunset and sunrise over the lake and observe the birds and fish in their natural habitat.
How to Get to Ergun Wetland
Travelers can opt for a flight to Hailar Dongshan International Airport, the main airport in Hulunbuir City, which offers direct flights to and from nearby cities like Beijing, Hohhot, and Harbin. The airport is approximately 8.5 kilometers away from Hailar downtown and takes about 20 minutes to reach by car. Moreover, it is roughly 45 kilometers away from the primary tourist attraction of Hulunbuir Grassland – Morigele River, which takes approximately an hour to reach by car.
After arriving at the airport, visitors can take a taxi or shuttle bus to Ergun City, which takes around 2 hours and costs approximately 200 CNY per person. From there, they can take a taxi or local bus to Ergun Wetland Scenic Area or Genhe National Wetland Park, which takes about 30 minutes and costs around 10 CNY per person.
Visitors can take a train to Hailar Railway Station, the main train station in Hulunbuir City. The train station offers trains to and from Beijing, Hohhot, Harbin, and other nearby cities. It is approximately 5 kilometers and 15 minutes away from Hailar downtown by car and about 40 kilometers and 50 minutes away from Morigele River by car. After arriving at the train station, visitors can take a taxi or shuttle bus to Ergun City, which takes around 2 hours and costs approximately 200 CNY per person. From there, they can take a taxi or local bus to Ergun Wetland Scenic Area or Genhe National Wetland Park, which takes about 30 minutes and costs around 10 CNY per person.
Visitors can also drive to Ergun Wetland from nearby cities like Manzhouli, Ergun, or Genhe. The driving distance and time vary depending on the route and traffic conditions. For example, it takes about 3 hours to drive from Manzhouli to Ergun Wetland. Alternatively, visitors can rent a car with a driver from Hailar or Ergun City, which costs around 500-800 CNY per day.