The Pavilion was built in 653 A.D. , when Tengwang Li Yuanying, a younger brother of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, was the military governor of Nanchang. The Pavilion was named after him bet it had undergone reconstruction as many as 98 times as a consequence of events during its 1300 year-long history. In 1926, the Pavillion was destroyed by fire during the conflicts between the Northern Warlords and as a result, the building was burned to ashes and only the bluestone plaque “Tengwang Pavilion” remained. The current building, based on the style of architecture in the Song Dynasty, is the result of rebuilding that was carried out between 1983 and 1989.
The existing pavilion is even more spectacular and magnificent than its predecessors. The main building is 57.5 meters in height and occupies a construction area of 13,00 square meters with a 12-meter-long base symbolic of ancient city walls. Taking the two-storey basement into account, it has nine storeys, that is, three bright, three dark and one top. The six floors of the Pavilion treasure scores of artistic writings each with a theme relevant to the exhibition there. On the first floor there is a huge white marble relief “Timely Wind Sending Wangbo to Tengwang Pavilion” which is drawn based on the story that Wangbo composed Preface to Tengwang Pavilion. The second floor is a dark floor on which stands a 2.55-meter high and 20-meter long wall-painting named “Pictures of Outstanding Figure” with all the renowned celebrities from Qin Dynasty to Ming Dynasty. The third floor is a bright floor surrounded by cloister. The pictures here are wall-painting “Linchuan Dream” and a huge bronze relief which depicts the dancers in the Tang Dynasty, reflecting a prosperous and peaceful look of the Tang Dynasty. The fourth floor, a dark floor, houses a large mural ” The Rich Land” describing the beautiful mountains and streams in Jiangxi Province from south to Dragon and Tiger Mountain the birthplace of Taoism, the Chinggang Mountain the cradle of the Chinese Revolution, the Lu Shan Mountain, the Po Yang Lake- the largest freshwater lake in the country, the Stone Bell Hill-an important military pass in the ancient time, etc. The fifth floor is the ideal place for enjoying the scenery and meeting friends. The paintings such as Playing Long Flute to Make Phoenix Coming, Waiting for Beat at the Foot of Xi Mountain drawn by Huang Qiupaan, Preface to Tengwang Pavilion, a calligraphic work by Su Dongpo on a bronze stele, and a lacquer painting One hundred Flowers and One Hundred Butterflies are placed. The sixth floor is actually the ninth floor if counting the basements, so it is called “the Ninth Level Heaven”. On the walls of north, south and east, there is a tri-colored glazed wall painting Dance Troupe in Tang Dynasty.