Chinese Traditional Folk Entertainment-Intelligence-benefiting Games
Seven-piece Puzzle A seven-piece puzzle, otherwise known as a seven-piece picture, is a famous jigsaw, which enjoys high popularity all over the world and gains the title of Tang Pictures. A seven-piece puzzle is invented out of inspiration front yanji of the Tang Dynasty, a kind of table used in ancient times with a distinguished feature of easy assembling and separation according to the number of guests. The seven-piece puzzle made considerable progress during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. During the period from the end of Ming Dynasty and the beginning of Qing Dynasty, a unit of seven pieces or sets made of wooden chips or cardboard was popularly known as seven-piece card. In the reign of Jiaqing of the Qing Dynasty. retired Scholar self nicknamed Lay Buddhist wrote a book Seven-piece Picture based on his comprehensive study and extensive practice of this game. Thenceforth, the structure and design of seven-piece puzzle were fixed.
The seven-piece puzzle is easy to solve even for a child. However, it is very interesting to play with. Even adults get fascinated with it. In the last one hundred years, special books on the game have come out in the western countries.
Riddle guessing may be accounted as the most ancient intelligence-benefiting game. In the ancient books of the Zhou and Qin Dynasties, it is recorded that riddles were named yinyu (enigma) that employed such techniques as metaphor, analogy and implication to hide what riddles refer to. In the Han Dynasty, yinyu developed towards two directions, one is characterized by portrayal and the other is mainly about the meaning and form of words, with the former being popular among folks and the latter being the main way of intelligence racing among men of letters.
What’s more, in the Song Dynasty, there appeared professional artists who were specialized ha making riddles, who were called commercial riddle makers. They put up stands at such public places of entrainment as wazi, attracting people to participate in riddle guessing. He who guessed rightly got the prize; he who guessed wrongly paid money. Meanwhile, this game was combined with the lantern show on the Lantern Festival enjoyment were produced.