Huashan Mountain

There are many famous mountains throughout the vast land of China with breathtaking scenery and profound culture. Each of them offers something different. Speaking of Huangshan Mountain, the first thing comes into people’s mind must be strangely-shaped pines, the grotesque rocks, the sea of clouds and the hot springs, and when the talk turns to Huashan Mountain, a simple “precipitous” will suffice. You will know it is not an exaggeration after you climb the mountain.

Mt. Huashan

Brief Introduction to Huashan Mountain

Located in Huayin City and about 120 kilometers east from Xian, Huashan Mountain with a height of 2154.9 meters is one of the five best-known mountains in China (the other four mountains are Taishan Mountain in Shandong Province, Hengshan Mountain in Hunan Province, Songshan Mountain in Henan Province, and Hengshan Mountain in Shanxi Province). It is also a holy land of Taoism with many Taoist temples. According to historic records, more than 100 emperors visited the mountain to make offerings to the deities, which makes the mountain more sacred.

Huashan Mountain is made of a huge granite that formed about 121 million years ago. It boasts five imposing peaks with steep precipices and overhanging rocks. The east one, called Sunrise Peak, literally is the best location to watch sunrise; the north one, Cloud Terrace Peak, is the lowest among the 5 main peaks and stands independently from the others, and it is famous for vertical cliffs on four sides; the west one with a lovely name of Lotus Flower Peak has the most beautiful scenery and is perfect for viewing sunset; the south one, Wild Goose-resting Peak is the highest peak; the central one, Jade Maiden Peak, links the east peak, west peak, and south peak. Each presents a unique scenic beauty, surrounded by over 36 minor peaks.

Mt. Huashan
  • Five Peaks of Huashan Mountain

North Peak

The north peak is in the north part of Mount Hua, with another name, Yuntai Peak. There was a pavilion in the peak, named Yiyunting, which means a pavilion connecting with clouds, although now the pavilion leaves only a relic. Standing on the peak, one can enjoy the beauty of the other three peaks and Changlongling in the south. It is a good place of resting when climbing. In 1996, the cable car to the peak went into operation.

Mt. Huashan

There are many scenic spots in the peak. Changchun Stone Room is one of them. Changchun is a man whose name is Du Ruoqian. He is a Daoist and practices Daoism in this place. He likes playing the flute and throws the flute away when the tune is finished. He can stay in the room for several months, playing the flute, so he calls himself Mr. Changchun, which has the similar pronunciation of Changchui, meaning playing the flute usually.

Another scenic spot is Zhenwudian, which is built for the God Zhenwu. He is also a Daoist and practices Daoism in Mount Hua. He has three birds to tell him things will happen in the future and he has the ability of summoning soil and oil.

 

South Peak

The south peak is 2154.9 meters high and it is the highest peak. There are three summits in the peak, in the shape of a giant sitting with the face to the south. One summit is called Luoyan Summit because wild goose always falls on the summit. And the top of this summit is the highest point of Mount Hua. Songhui Summit is a little lower than Luoyan Summit, but larger than it. There are a lot of Himalayan pines in the summit and Baidi Temple stands on the summit. The temple is covered by iron tile, so it is also called Iron Tile Temple. There are also some scenic spots on the peak, for example, Nantianmen, the door to the heaven, is located here.

West Peak

The west peak is 2082.5 meters above sea level. It is also called Lianhua Peak because the huge stone in the peak is with the shape of a lotus and Lianhua means lotus in English. The whole peak is a megalith. The ridge connecting with the south peak is 300 meters in length, with the shape of a Chinese dragon, so the ridge has another name, Changlongling. It is one of the dangerous roads in Mount Hua

There are so many myths and legends about the peak, in which a legend is the most famous. The protagonists in the tale are a fairy and a man. They fall in love with each other, but it is forbidden by the rule of the heaven. So the fairy is prisoned under the Mount Hua after giving birth to a baby. When the baby grows up, he tries his best to save her mother and finally cuts through the mount. And there are also a lot of calligraphy works in the peak from famous calligraphers.

East Peak

The east peak is 2096.2 meters above sea level and it is the best peak to see the sun rise, so it has another name, Chaoyang Peak. The peak is consisted of 4 summits. The summit with Chaiyang Tai on is the highest one. Yunv Summit is in the west and Shifeng Summit is in the east, with Botai in the south. Some regard Yunv Summit a separate peak and give it a name of the Middle Peak.

In the past, the road to the peak is so abrupt that it is difficult to climb to the top. But now the steps are built for safe climbing. As for the scenic spot, the most famous is the Huayue Xianzhang, which is one of the eight wonders of central Shaanxi plain. Its shape is a left hand and one can see it from very far, but only in sunny days. It is said that the palm was left when a celestial being separate two mountains. And a hotel was built at the relics of Bajing Palace in 1953.

Mt. Huashan
Middle Peak

The Middle Peak sits in the circle created by the East Peak, the West Peak, and the South Peak. It is actually a relatively little peak which leans to the west side of the East Peak. So it was regarded as a part of the East Peak in ancient time. Nowadays the public list it as one of the five main peaks of Mt. Hua (It is also called Lotus Flower Mount.) The legend says there was a gentle man in the Spring and Autumn Periods who was good as Xiao, the vertical bamboo flute, caught the heart of the daughter of Qin Mugong, one of the kings of the Qin State. The daughter gave up the honor and splendor of the royal court life and settled on the Middle Peak with her sweetheart. Later generations called her Jade Lady(Jade in Chinese culture present thing of inner beauty ), so the Middle Peak is also called Jade Lady Peak.

Looking afar, tourist will find the Middle Peak looks like a bird head. To the top of the peak exists a huge rocky beam taking a shape of turtle. The later generations built a memorial temple on East Peak top in memory of Jade Lady. In front of the temple there are five stone basins, they are said to be the hair-bathing basins of Jade Lady. Next to the stone basins stands a stone horse which is said to be the incarnation of the horse rode by Jade Lady. Behind the memorial temple are memorial site set by modern people according to the legendary.

  • Main Scenic Spots

Because the mountain is very dangerous, few people climbed it before the Tang Dynasty. All the emperors offered sacrifices in Xiyue Temple at the foot of the mountain. The temple covers an area of 120,000 square meters. It was built in the Han Dynasty with a history of over 2,000 years. It was repaired and expanded many times through ages, and during the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, it was renovated by imitating the Forbidden City. Thus, it enjoys the reputation of the “Forbidden City of Shaanxi Province”.

Golden Lock Pass is a tower-like stone arch at Sanfengkou. It is considered as the main road to the east peak, west peak and south peak from Five-cloud Peak. Visitors usually buy a golden lock and lock it to the iron chains on both sides of the pass to pray for happiness and health.

Mt. Huashan

Cliff-side Plank Path is the most dangerous place on the mountain. This over 700-year-old plank road was initially built by a master Taoist from the Yuan Dynasty who stayed away from the hectic world and tried to cultivate himself to become an immortal. Beneath the approximately 30 cm wide wooden rafters is the bottomless abyss. You can grab the iron chains to help you move forward. Every visitor also needs to rent a safety harness to ensure safety.

At first sight, Sparrow Hawk’s Cliff seems less difficult than Cliff-side Plank Path, but it’s very challenging. The first reason is that the stairway tilts inwards, making people hard to see the steps when climbing down. This requires coordinated action of your hands, eyes, feet, and knees. The second reason is that the iron chains are too loose and tend to swing to the left and to the right. You should carefully feel the way with your toes. For a few steps, you need to turn your body like a sparrow hawk to pass. That’s how it gets the name. Safety harness is also a must here.

Plank Walk
  • Hiking Routes

By Cable Car

Cable car is a very useful transportation tool. It allows tourists of different ages and physical conditions to appreciate the beauty of the mountain. There are three common routes by cable car. You can choose one of them according to your needs.

Route A: West Up and Down

The first one is taking cable car up and down from the West Peak. It’s the quickest and easiest way, suitable for those with tight schedule, but it costs higher than the other two and you cannot cover many scenic spots.

Route B: North Up and Down

The second one is taking cable car up and down from the North Peak. It’s the most cost-effective way, but you have to repeat some sections.

Route C: West Up and North Down

The third one is taking cable car up the West Peak and down from the North Peak. It’s the most recommended one with medium cost and you can explore plenty of spots.

On Foot

In the past, there was only one way to the top of the mountain. Now it has become the most classic hiking route. You can have the fun of climbing, experience its danger, and enjoy amazing scenery. The climbing route is: Jade Spring Temple — Five-mile Pass — Shaluo Terrace — Maonv Cave — Qingke Terrace — Mind-changing Stone — Thousand-foot Precipice — Hundred-foot Crevice — Laojun Valley — North Peak — Ear-touching Cliff — Black Dragon Ridge — Five-cloud Peak — Golden Lock Pass. After reaching Golden Lock Pass, you can go on exploring the East Peak, South Peak and West Peak if you are still in good shape.

Mt. Huashan

The above routes are some popular ones. You also can make your own routes by combining walking and cable car. BTW, there are many cute cats on the mountain. Some visitors share their food with them and take photos with them like they are stars. You may come across them at any corner while hiking. Little things in travel can bring people the greatest happiness.

Important Activity

Temple fair starts from the first day of the third lunar month every year, and March 15th is the most important day on which Xiyue Temple will hold a grand ceremony according to traditional rituals and other Taoist temples on the mountain like Jade Spring Temple will also have chanting and worshiping activities. Lots of believers come to pray for blessings. There will be a sea of people from morning to night and billowing clouds of smoke from incense offerings. If you want to feel the lively atmosphere of the fair, you can visit the mountain in this period; if you don’t like huge crowds, try to avoid this fair and other Chinese public holidays, especially May Day and National Day.

Accommodation

Now there are 5 hotels on the top of the mountain for you to choose, respectively East Peak Hotel, West Peak Hotel, Five Cloud Mountain Inn, North Peak Hotel, and a capsule hotel. Don’t set your expectations too high. Because of the limited conditions on the mountain, you can’t take a bath. The prices are not cheap. Considering the East Peak is the best place to watch sunrise, rooms in East Peak Hotel are in great demand. Its cheapest room is to share with other 9 people at a price of RMB180 (for your reference only as prices change with low season and peak season), and you need to reserve in advance especially during holidays. West Peak Hotel is relatively cheap and is convenient for watching sunset.

The pictures below are the gate, yard and rooms of East Peak Hotel.

Food

Food on the top of the mountain is very expensive. The higher you climb, the higher the price. You can bring a few bottles of water and some food like chocolate and sandwich to keep your energy up.

At the foot of the mountain, there are many restaurants around Yuquan Road. The foods they provide seem cheap but they are for tourists and not tasty. If you want better food, you can go to Jintiangong Market at the east side of Yuquan Road. Local people often come here for nice noodles. You can give it a try.

Welcome to the No.1 precipitous mountain in the world. If you ever plan to visit Xian in the future and you are not afraid of heights, Huashan Mountain definitely deserves a place in your list. If you need more information about the mountain and Xian tours, we will be always at your service. Dare to take up the challenge?

Quick Travel Information of Mt. Huashan

Opening Time: 

-Scenic Area: 00:00-24:00

-Cable Car Stations:

Peak Season (Mar-Nov): 07:00-19:00
Low Season (Dec-Feb): West Peak Cable Car: 08:30-17:00; North Peak Cable Car: 08:00-18:00

Ticket Price in Low Season (Dec-Feb)

The admission fee of Mt. Huashan CNY100p.p
The single way cable car to/from North Peak CNY45p.p
Round way North Peak cable car CNY80p.p
Single way shuttle bus to/from entrance to North Cable Car Station CNY20p.p
The admission fee of Mt. Huashan CNY100p.p
The single way cable car to/from West Peak CNY120p.p
Round way West Peak cable car CNY240p.p
Single way shuttle bus to/from entrance to West Cable Car Station CNY40p.p

 

 

 

Ticket Price in Peak Season (Mar-Nov)

The admission fee of Mt. Huashan CNY160p.p
The single way cable car to/from North Peak CNY80p.p
Round way North Peak cable car CNY150p.p
Single way shuttle bus to/from entrance to North Cable Car Station CNY20p.p
The admission fee of Mt. Huashan CNY160p.p
The single way cable car to/from West Peak CNY140p.p
Round way West Peak cable car CNY280p.p
Single way shuttle bus to/from entrance to West Cable Car Station CNY40p.p

 

 

 

Tours including Mt. Huashan:

One Day Mt. Huashan Small Group Tour

Xian Mt. Huashan Adventure Day Tour

3 Days Xian & Mt. Huashan Tour

Find more related tour by clicking here.