Cuihua Mountain

As a subsidiary peak of the Zhongnan Mountains at the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains, Cuihua Mountain is located in Taiyi Palace Town, Chang’an District, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province, about  20 kilometers south of downtown Xian. Its main peak reaches an elevation of 2604 meters.

The mountain was once known as Taiyi Mountain since Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty held worship ceremonies for the Taiyi God here. Nowadays, a visit to Cuihua Mountain will not only allow you to see many historical sites but also offer an opportunity to admire captivating mountain landslide landscapes.

Cuihua Mountain
Cuihua Mountain

History of Cuihua Mountain

The rich history of Cuihua Mountain can be dated back to the Qin Dynasty (221BC-207BC) when it served as an imperial hunting ground for the First Qin Emperor. During the Western Han Dynasty (202BC-7AD), it was a sacred place where  Emperor Wudi held worship ceremonies to heaven. When it comes to the Tang Dynasty, the mountain was designated as an imperial summer retreat by Emperor Taizong. In 1992, Cuihua Mountain was included in Zhongnanshan National Forest Park.

Now, the mountain stands as one of the top 10 tourist attractions in Xi’an, offering amazing hiking experiences and several historic sites.

Highlights of Cuihua Mountain

Stunning Mountain Landslip Landscapes

Covering an area of 5.2 square kilometers, the remnants of the landslide on Cuihua Mountain is the largest of its kind in China. The landslide site is dominated by a dammed lake, a sea of collapsed rocks, and remnants of cliffs, making it praised as a Geological Landscape Museum.

Left behind the landslide are numerous isolated peaks and rocks of different shapes. Some of the most charming peaks here are Cuihua Peak, Yu’an Peak, and Ganqiao Peak.

Landslip Landscape on Cuihua Mountains
Landslip Landscape on Cuihua Mountains

Rich Vegetation

Climbing the mountain in summer, one will feel the vegetation difference remarkably. At mountain foot there are broad leaved plants and on mountain top it is meadows! on the way to mountain top tourists will meet some scarce flowers. Standing on mountain top one will see two distinct landscapes: grassland on southern slop and trees on northern slop.

Cuihua Mountain Ski Resort

When winter falls, the mountain will become the paradise for snow skating lovers. The Cuihua Mountain Ski Resort is the largest ski resort in Xian. The ski resort lies at the mountain waist with an altitude of 1400 meters. It is 800 meters long and 70 meters wide. There are specific ski field for both old-hand and green-hand. All equipment needing for skiing are ready in here: ski board, ski stick, ski ring, and ski bob, etc. In the morning the coach would give ski lesson for one hour for free.

Heavenly Lake

Nestled amidst the immense boulders from the landslide, the shimmering waters of the Tianchi Lake (aka Heavenly Lake) on Cuihua Mountain alongside its surrounding scenery create a scene of boundless beauty. It is praised as a high-altitude pearl atop the Qinling Mountains thanks to its misty waves, ever-changing clouds, verdant waters, and peculiar rock formations.

Heavenly Lake on Cuihua Mountain
Heavenly Lake on Cuihua Mountain

Wind Cave & Ice Cave

The wind cave is formed by two huge boulders arranged in a “人” shape. It is a narrow and elongated crevice of 30 meters long and 15 meters high. Since with no sunlight all year round, the cave features a brisk, cool breeze as the airflow accelerates through.

The ice cave is a deep cave with depressions in the terrain, featuring irregularly shaped outer and inner chambers. In summer, the temperature difference between the outer and inner chambers can exceed 23°C, with its  inner chamber remains frozen year-round.

Travel Information

  • Opening hours: 9:00-17:00
  • Ticket price: CNY 65 per person (Mar. – Nov.); CNY 40 per person (Dec. – Feb.)
  • How to Get to: Take bus No. 729 or 335 from Exit B of Weiqu South Subway Station.
  • Time needed: about one day

Travel Tips for Cuihua Mountain

  • Recommended departing time in Xian is 07:00-08:00 so tourists could finish the mountain visit before evening. Hiking in the mountain will last 4-6 hours.
  • No restaurant in mountain, please prepare lunch and water in advance.
  • Mountain scenery in summer is excellent. Please take the chance to take some photos.
  • Only very simple toilet available in the scenic area and the sanitary condition is far less pleasant.