Nanjing in East of China
Lying in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province. Being one of the seven ancient capitals of China, Nanjing has a history of more than 2, 400 years. The main tourist attritions include Dr Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. The 1911 Revolution led by him overthrew China’s feudal system that lasted for over 2, 000 year. Located at the southern foot of the Purple Mountain and constructed between 1926 and 1929, the 130-hectare (321.23 acres) Mausoleum consists of a pathway, a public square, a gate, a stele pavilion, a memorial hail, a burial chamber, and a music terrace; Linggu Temple lies 1.5 kilometers east of Dr Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. Inside the Temple is the Beamless Hall of the Ming Dynasty; Xuanwu Lake covers an area of 44 hectares and the land surface is 49 hectares, one ninth of the water in size. In the lake there are five islets, which are linked by causeways and bridges; Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge was built 1960 and completed in 1968. It is a Double-deck bridge with a highway above and the railroad tracks below. The double-tracked railway deck totals 6, 772 meters long and 14 meters wide. The highway deck is 4, 589 meters in length and 19.5 meters in width. A pair of bridgeheads, over 70 meters, stands majestically on either end; the Ancient City Wall with a circumference of 33. 676 kilometers, it was erected mort: than 5O0 years ago. Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming Dynasty, mobilized 200, 000 households of craftsmen of 125 counties in five provinces to take part in the construction. Being mt elliptical city built in line with the terrain, it is 10 kilometers long from north to south and 6 kilometers wide from east to west. At present Zhonghuamen Gate (formerly known as Jubaomen Gate) has been preserved fairly well.The gate is of the types of a fortress. The Presidential Palace, the former headquarters of the Kuomintang regime (1912-1949) and encompassing 120, 000 sguare meters, officially opened to the public on February 28, 2003 as a “Museum of Modern Chinese History (1840-1949).” Mingxiaoling Mausoleum in Nanjing was inscribed on the World Heritage List in July 2003 as an extension of Royal Mausoleums of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.