Randeng Pagoda in Tongxian County of Beijing
Called formally Randeng Sarira (Burning Lamp Buddhist Relic) Pagoda, it stands on the hank of the Baihe River northwest of the town of Tongxian; it is also known as Tongzhou Pagoda. Acccording to the historic document, the time of building the pagoda date to the 2nd year of reign of Taiping of of Liang of Bei Dynasty(557) or to the 7th year of the reign of Zhenguan of Tang Dynasty(633). The parts of pagoda was damaged during the earthquake in 1679 and was reconstructed in 1696. Its style indicates it was built during the Jin Dynasty. Now it is one of the famous Jin Dynasty pagoda in Beijing Xian tour.
The octagonal, thirteen-eared solid structure, 53 meters high, is a typical example of multi-eaved pagodas of the Liao and Kin dynasties. The base of the pagoda is a Sumeru pedestal, decorated with exquisitely carved patterns of human figures mid flowers. The first storey is particularly tall, with a door on the east, south, west and north sides. The southern door, two meters deep, used to contain a statue of Buddha. The other three doors are purely ornamental. False windows decorate the other four sides of the first storey. Beyond the first storey there are thirteen levels of closely structured eaves. The brackets under the eaves are made of brick, but the rafters are wood — a fashion followed during the Liao and Kin dynasties. The spire at the top of the pagoda is made of metal. The whole pagoda’s sculpt is powerful and strong. Echoing to Tianning pagoda in west of Beijing, both of them are important relics of the Liao and Kin dynasties in Beijing.
Speak of pagoda, I have to mention the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xian tour. It is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Xian.