The Yongji Bridge in Chengyang
Also known as the Wind and Rain Bridge, the Yongji Bridge is in Chengyang Village, 20 kilometers north of Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in south China. It was built in 1916 and was rebuilt twice after being destroyed by floods. The current bridge was rebuilt two years after it was destroyed by flood in June 1983.
It is a wooden covered bridge and is 76 meters long, 3.4 meters wide and 10.6 meters tall. It has five stone piers on which are two rows of log beams and two rows of wood sus- pension beams. On the bridge floor there are five tower-like kiosks with many horns. The kiosks on both ends have a gable roof with upturned corners, like golden phoenix with spread wings. The kiosk in the middle has a pavilion-like roof and six upturned comers, like a solemn but elegant pagoda. The rest two kiosks have a pavilion like roof with four up- mined comers, like a magnificent palace each. On both sides of the bridge long stools were set up for people to rest or keep off the rain. The whole bridge is grand, like a brilliant rainbow, The most amazing thing is that no nails were used in its construction. In addition. the kiosks and roofed corridors are painted with colorful patterns of local style. The Yongji Bridge in Chengyang symbolizes the superb architectural art of the Dong minority people and is a miracle created by the local people.
The Nanjing Bridge Over the Yangtze River
This bridge is in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province in east China. The construction started in 1960 and completed and put into traffic by the end of 1968. It is a modern bridge over the Yangtze River designed and built by the Chinese people.
Before the 1990s, this was the longest double-deck rail and road bridge. The main section is 1,577 meters long. If the approaches to the rail section are included the rail bridge is 6,772 meters long. The rail bridge has double tracks for two-way trains. The road bridge is 4,589 meters long including the approaches and is 19.5 meters wide, enough for four trucks abreast. The main part over the river has nine piers and 10 spans. Each piers is 80 meters high and the bottom of the pier covers an area of more than 400 square meters. The first span from left is 128 meters long and the rest nine spans are 160 meters long each. The four bridge towers on two ends are more than 70 meters tall and by the bridge towers there are four groups of sculptures being more than 10 meters tall. The approaches to the road bridge have 34 spans in total-30 spans on the southern bank and four spans on northern bank. This bridge symbolizes a national feature.
Before its completion, it took two hours fro the train to be shipped across the river. The construction of the bridge has played an important role in link of north and south China and the construction of the country. It is a miracle in construction history of Chinese bridges.