Bordering on the Yangtze River and crouching on the top of the Snake Hill, the Yellow Crane Tower enjoys the fame of“The First Scenery under Heaven”and is listed as one of the three most famous towers on the south bank of the Yangtze River Its cultural significance led to its being made the symbol of Wuhan.
Up to now, the Tower has a history of over 1,700 years. According to records, it was originally built in 223 during the Three Kingdoms Period by Sun Quan as a normal that many legends are created as to why it was built. One of the most popular legends goes like that the Tower used to be a wine-shop opened by a Mrs. Xin. One day, a Taoist monk, in order to thank the woman for her favor of free wine, drew a thousands of people came to see the spectacle and the wine shop was always full of guests. 10 years later, when the Taoist monk revisited the wine shop. he played the flute mad then rode on the crane to the sky. In order to memorize the supernatural.
Legends are legends and are created for entertainment. To build a tower in such a place at the wartime was obviously for military purpose. The military function of the Tower, however, had gradually been forgotten and when in Tang Dynasty, it was enjoyed mainly as a picturesque location for celebrities and poets to get together, treat and meet friends, enjoy the beautiful scenery and make merry and compose poetry. Many great poets in the past dynasties such as Cui Hao, Li Bai, Bal Juyi, dia Dao, Lu You visited the Tower and wrote hundreds of poems and scores of writings in praise of the magnificent Tower. It was estimated that up to the Tongzhi Reign of the Qing literature, in which “Yellow Crane Tower” written by Cui Hao, a famous poet of Tang Dynasty made the Tower well known throughout China. it was these poems that made the Tower so renowned and induced for people to visit. Later, the story about the great poem Li Bai’s giving up composing poem after reading “Yellow Crane Tower” by Cui Hao brought the Tower greater fame.
Originally built at a place called Yellow Crane Rock projecting over the water on Snake Hill over 1,700 years ago, the Tower was destroyed many times in successive reduced to ashes. The present tower is the result of four years construction beginning in 1981. The Tower, 51.4 meters high, five-storied with yellow glazed tiles and red pillars, overlapping ridges and interlocking eaves, is reconstructed on the basis of the one designed during the Tongzhi Reign of Qing Dynasty, but more magnificent than the old one. Modern construction technology was applied to the construction of the wood surface. The ground floor of the new is 30 meters wide in each side and the top floor is 18 meters wide in each side. The appearance of the Tower is the same regardless of the direction it is viewed from.