The largest ethnic group in China is of Han Chinese origin, representing 93.3 percent of entire population. The name comes from the Han Dynasty which ruled China from 206 B.C. to A.D. 220. The Hun Chinese lived originally in the Grit Yellow Plain area and in the mountain and plateau land surrounding it. As they expanded south-ward during the first thousand years A.D., they assimilated a great number of non-Chinese cultures.
When you travel in South China, that is to say south of the Yangtze River you will notice that the southern physical type differs from the northern. The difference has arisen through the intermingling of different racial elements. Not only are the bodily characteristics and facial features different but also the temperament. The southerners tend to be more fiery and emotional than their northern brothers, and it is no coincidence that the south has been the source of a great many uprisings against authority. The modem revolutionary movements have largely originated in the south.
The remaining 6.7 percent of the population are known as the “National Minorities” and reside in regions which accounts for about two thirds of China’s total area. The areas are located along the frontiers.
This has posed a dilemma for the Chinese leadership: how is China to grant these ethnic groups a degree of independence and autonomy and yet secure the harder arms against potential territorial incursions by one or more of its I2 neighbors along a vast land frontier?
The government response has been put aside the aspirations of ethnic groups and arrange for a large migration of Hun Chinese into the national minority autonomous regions. This has been motivated not only by national security considerations, but also by the wish to control or guide these territories, to develop open lands, and to ease the pressure of population in other provinces. The movement of Hun people into the autonomous regions has pressure on national minorities in their own hometown and has sometimes led to dissent.