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Juyong Pass

It was recorded that the name Juyong is known for the living of immigrates of laborers during the Qin Dynasty. At that time, the Great Wall was not passing through here, but spreading to Liaodong from the further place in the North. When building the Great Wall, Qin Shihuang(whose tomb can be seen if you travel Xian) once set up 12 counties along it in order to develop the places along the Great Wall and ensure the supply. Among of the 12 counties, Shanggu County was located in Yanqing, Changpin, Huailai, Xuanhua, Baoan near nowadays the Juyong Pass. It is possible for some civilians and prisoners to be immigrated here, later; there are also some records that some people immigrated into Juyong Pass. Today, Juyongguanhas become a wothwhile place to visit in Beijing-Xian tour. It is about 50 kilometres to Beijing, built in the Guangou which is 15 kilometres long from the Datong and Xuanhua to Beijing. Mountain Taihang from Shanxi Province to Hebei has several hundred miles long, from and it very steep. The eight roads were called Taihang eight roads.

Juyongguan was the eighth of them”Huainanzi” said:”There are nine barriers of the world, Juyong was one of them.”Jin history” said: Zhongdu (Jin’s capital) has Juyong, just like Qin has Yaohan (a country), Shu has Jianmen( a barrier too). The stratagem status is just like the gate of the capital. The barrier should be guarded against carefully.

Juyong Pass, Guancheng and Great Wall, were rebuilt in Ming dynasty. To the north of the southern entrance of Juyong Pass, a river went through the two mountains which stood oppositely and closely.

In the 30-meter-long pass valley, there were rivers surrounded the ragged mountains on which there are deeply green grass and woods in which birds fly and sing. It is one grandiose spectacle in the northwest of Beijing. Therefore, it was considered as one of the eight most grandiose spectacles for its “greenness of Juyongguan” in the Jin Dynasty eight hundred years ago. There were many places of interests and history sites , called seventy two sights altogether, such as Stone forward the capital,the Green Hazard, Heads of Five Ghosts, the Sculpture of Yang Wulang, Piano Vally, Joss Bridge, the Platform of appointing generals, the Stake of tieing horses.

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