Embroidery is the general name for all kinds of decorative patterns embroidered on fabrics. It is a traditional Chinese folk handicraft art with a history of at least two or three thousand years in China. Embroidery fabrics are mainly silk and silk thread. China’s Four Famous Embroidery: Suzhou(Su) Embroidery, Hunan(Xiang) Embroidery, Cantonese Embroidery, Sichuan(Shu) Embroidery. China’s embroidery technology reached a high level during the Qin and Han dynasties, and was one of the important commodities transported along the silk road in history.
Paper cutting is a traditional Chinese folk handicraft, and already hand down over 1500 years in China. Chinese paper-cut is a kind of folk art used to decorate life or cooperate with other folk activities by cutting patterns on paper with scissors or cutting knives. It popularizes deeply and still shows brilliant light as a treasure that is fond among the people years after years. The art of paper-cutting is included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list approved by the State Council.
Chinese Go (Wei Qi)
Go is an ancient intellectual game that originated in China. As a great invention of Chinese nation, Weiqi(go) was invented by one of China’s “Five Emperors”, Yao Emperor, and owns a history of more than 4,000 years. Go was first called “chess(Qi)”, and eventually got the name of “Weiqi” according to its specialty that black & white chess pieces attack and besiege each other(Wei has the meaning of encircling in Chinese). Go is also one of the “Four Ancient Arts” in China.
Weiqi integrates the science, art and athletic. With the characteristics of developing intelligence, cultivating willpower also the flexible strategy and tactics consciousness, therefore, for thousands of years, it has gradually developed into an internationally cultural and sporting activities.
China is hometown of porcelain. The world-famous Chinese porcelain is the great creation and invention of Chinese. Porcelain also is a symbol of ancient Chinese civilization and the cultural treasure of Chinese nation. China’s porcelain manufacturing technology has spread all over the world and made important contributions to the cultural exchanges between China and other countries.
China is the first country in the world to discover and utilize tea trees as early in Shennong era 7,000 years ago. China is hometown of tea. Tea is the national drink of the Chinese nation. Tea drinking, tea planting and tea making all originated in China. Tea has the special charm of health, nature, culture, civilization and fashion, and is loved by people all over the world.
Han Chinese Clothing and silk
Han clothing, the traditionally national costume of the Han nationality in China, is also called Han costume or Chinese costume. Its origin can be traced back to the period of the legendary emperors until the Ming dynasty, which lasted for thousands of years.
China is the country that at the earliest invented silk(breeding silkworm to make silk). And the great inventor who discover this method is Lei Zu, wife of the Yellow Emperor who is regarded the great ancestor of our Chinese nation. Lei Zu is the first lady of China.
Peking Opera is the top one among Chinese Five Drama. It absorbed and fused the professional performance that prevailed in different area in China, like Anhui, Hubei and Shannxi. Meantime, it also integrated some local folk tunes and eventually formed Peking Opera.
After countless artists stage of long-term practice, Peking Opera stage art constitute a set of restricting and complementary, regulating and standard program in its literature, performance, music, singing, drums, facial make-up and other aspects.
TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) includes Science of Chinese Pharmacology. Chinese medicine originated from the Shennong era 7,000 years ago. The ancestor of Chinese medicine is Shennong, who is also the ancestor of Chinese nation. The theoretical basis and source of TCM “The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine”, which is the foundation of the theoretical basis of TCM.
Chinese Martial Arts
Chinese martial arts is also called Kungfu. It can be retropspected to the Shang and Zhou dynasties. Martial arts routines in technology often requires close match and integrity for both inner spirit and external body movements. Due to the penetration and influence of ancient Chinese philosophy, medicine and aesthetics, it has formed an unique national style of training methods and sports.
Calligraphy is an unique traditional art in China. Chinese characters began to appears as picture to note, after thousands of years of development, it evolved into today’s text. Because the ancestors invented writing with writing brush, the calligraphy is accordingly produced. Calligraphy is the writing art of Chinese characters. There are five basic calligraphy styles in Chinese calligraphy: seal script, official script, regular script, running script and cursive script.