Mt.Taibai is the main mountain peak of the qinling Mountain Range. Towering some 120 kilometers away from Xi’an it is a mountain peak of great magnificence situating in the adjoining area of Meixian, Taibai and Zhouzhi counties of Shaanxi Provinces. With its highest peak-the Immortal Terrace thrusting 3, 767 meters high up into the sky it is now a nature reserve of some 54,000 hectares. The mountain peak got its name quite a long time ago. According to a book entitled “Notes to Water-channels,” “During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty(206 B.C.-24 A.D.) there has already been sacred temple for the immortal Taibai in consecration of Guchun, a deity in the list of immortals.” the “Jolts-down of Things Strange” says: The spirit of the Venus failing down by the west of the main peak of Zhongnan Mountain hence, the peak was known as Taibai. Thrusting very high into the sky the mountain is covered luxuriantly with various kinds of trees and grasses and at a height of 3, 000 meters above sea level there has developed a glacier of the ending period of the fourth geological era. On the rely summit there are four alpine lakes by the name the Pool of Jade Emperor that are unfathomably deep filled with limpid and serene water. As the mountain is very high and with thin air it enjoys a very cold climate with the peak clad in snow even in swellering summer days.
With silvery rays glistening in its surroundings the scenery is incomparably beautiful hence known as Eternal White Mr. Taibai, one of the “Eight Scenic Wonders of Guanzhong Area. ” Covered with luxuriant forests crisscrossed by gurgling streams abounding in various kinds of birds and plants the Taibai Mountain enjoys a charming scenery known as a natural treasure house of flora and to find in the world. As it has a very high drop the climate, soil and vegetation all see a rule of vertical distribution. As regards the climate, it features a different of warm-temperate, cold-temperate and severe cold belts from the foothill upwards and correspondingly it offers varied landscape of forests that consist of six belts growing with oriental arborvitae, oak, birch, spruce and larch as well as alpine bushes. The plant is rich in species that include 1, 500 kinds of seed plant and over 510 medicinal plants. In addition, there are still varieties of such plants as larix potaninii and cercidiphyllum, japonocum var, sinense, etc. that are classified into the second category under the state protection. Living in this area are 270 species of wild animals country. The fifth-five of the wild animals, such as giant panda, golden-halt monkey, antelope, salamander and golden pheasant are the very rare animals under the slate protection.
Studded in the Taibai Forest Park are many grotesque attractions wrought by nature and you’ll find in tile park three forms of geomorphic terrain, such as low, medium and high mountains consisting of deep Ravines, thrusting and weird peaks and gurgling streams and brooks set off pretty pretty scenic beauties. They are the ” Cave of Guiguzi,” ever a dwelling place for the Old Master Wang Shan in the ” Period of Spring and Autumn and Warring States,” “Zhonglu Terrace” said to be the abode for Eight Immortals of Han Zhongli and Lu Dnngbin, “Blue Ox Cave” ever been a reposing place at Tangling for Laozi, the founding master of Taoism in China when he was crossing Xuanguan on an ox. In addition, there are still “Tangzicheng” built by Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty when he took his imperial consort Yang to visit the Tang Valley and a section of the ruined plank-road by which Sun Simiao, a master of medicine went to pick his herbs in the Taibai Mountain, and so on and so forth.
At the entrance of the Forest Park there is a hot spring of three spring-mouths with an emitting volume of over 400 tons a day. Having a temperature of some 60 ℃ it is effective in the healing of man kinds of diseases. After a period of planning and explorative construction in recent years, the Forest Park has already been equipped with necessary condition years, the scenic beauties of Red River with Scarlet Cliff, Magnificent Pass in a Slanting Valley. Old Maples by a S one Cavern, Peach Clouds and Brilliant Pearl at Taibai Mountain as well as Summit of a Piercing Peak have all along been known as the Eight Scenic Spots in more tourists ft~,m all over to feast their eyes on these charming beauties endowed by nature.