Changbai Mountain head
Home Harbin Travel Guide Harbin Attractions Changbai Mountain – the Cradle of China’s Manchu

Changbai Mountain – the Cradle of China’s Manchu

Located in the southeast of Jilin province, the Changbai mountains are the birthplace of the Yalu, Songhua and Tumen rivers, which is also the birthplace of China’s Manchu and the sacred mountain of Manchu culture. The “changbai” have a good meaning, which represents the yearning for loyalty and love in Chinese.

Changbai mountain covers an area of 1,964 square kilometers, and the core area is 758 square kilometers. The highest peak of Changbai mountain system is the general peak in Korea, with an altitude of 2,749 meters. Baiyun peak, the highest peak in China with the altitude of 2,691 meters, is the highest peak in northeast China.

Basic Facts about the Changbai Mountain:

  • Changbai mountain scenic area, located in the southeast of chi bei district, YanbianKorean autonomous prefecture, Jilinprovince, is adjacent to north Korea in the southeast. It is located in the north slope of Changbai mountain and 34 kilometers away from Changbai mountain, which covers an area of 52.42 square kilometers.
  • Changbai mountain scenic area is a famous tourist attraction in northeast China. Changbai mountain is famous for its white pumice stones and snow, which is known as “the first peak in the world”. The scenic spot is a famous tourist resort with “sacred mountain, holy water, fancy forest, fairy fruit”, etc. In the Qing dynasty, it had the reputation of “holy land”, and the emperor must worship the Changbai Mountain in personor appoint minister to do it.
  • Changbai mountain has three scenic areas: north, west and south. The north and west scenic areas are open to tourists all year round, while the south scenic area is open for 5 months (June to October) every year due to the influence of climate and environment. North scenic spot is located at Erdaobaihetown, and the entrance is 31 kilometers away from the town. Inthe north scenic area, people can enjoy scenic spots such as the heavenly lake– waterfall — green deep pool — small heavenly lake — volcanic hot spring — underground forest. The west scenic spot is located at Songjiang river town, and the entrance is 30 kilometers away from the town. There are scenic spots such as heavenly lake, Jinjiang Grand Canyon, Alpine Garden (seasonal scenic spot), Wangchi (seasonal scenic spot) and Iris Garden (seasonal scenic spot). South scenic area is located at the Manjiang town, and the entrance is 80 kilometers away from the town, south scenic area has the heavenly lake – Yalu River Grand Canyon – alpine wetland and other attractions. The north and west scenic spots are 110 kilometers apart, while the west and south scenic spots are 120 kilometers apart.
  • The most renowned scenic spot in Changbai Mountain is Heavenly Lake. Heavenly Lake is located at the top of the main peak of Changbai Mountain, which is a volcanic cone. The elevation of Heavenly lake is 2,189.1 meters, and it looks like an oval with 4.4 kilometers long from north to south and 3.37 kilometers wide from east to west. The total storage capacity is 2.04 billion cubic meters. Heavenly lake, the highest and largest alpine lake in China, is the birthplace of three great rivers in northeast China — Songhua river, Yalu river and Tumen river.
  • Heavenly lake is surrounded by magnificent peaks. And on the north side, there is a gap between Tianwen Peakand Longmen Peak, where the pool water overflow from the gap and flow towardsnorth about 1,250 meters from the cliff to form a drop of 68 meters high waterfall group, which is the famous Changbai waterfall group. It is a renowned scenic spot in Changbai mountain scenic area, and is also the largest waterfall group in northeast China. It connects heavenly lake in the upstream and Erdao Bai river in downstream, which is also the source of the Songhua river.
  • In Jilinprovince, there are various hot springs in Changbai mountain area. The most famous group of Changbai hot springs is located at 900 meters to the north of Changbai waterfall. These springs flow warm waterout of the cracks of the rocks, which looks like dragons spraying water. The hot spring here are hot volcano self-overflow hot spring, and the temperature of the spring is more than 60 degrees Celsius with the hottest more than 80 degrees Celsius. In winter, even the hot springs are surrounded by snow and ice, the hot springs are steaming hot. Hot water vapor from the hot spring congeal on the surrounding vegetation, forming a unique rime. Changbai hot spring is also known as the “god water”, because the spring contains hydrogen sulfide, zinc, lithium and other trace elements, which can relax muscles, activate blood circulation, dispel cold and diseases, eliminate fatigue, promote blood circulation and accelerate human metabolism.
  • Julong spring is the largest hot spring in the group of hot springs, with the widest distribution and the highest water temperature. Julong spring, the first spring in changbai mountain, is located at 900 meters north of the Changbai With the covering area of more than 1,000 square meters, Erdao Bai Riverflow through the middle of the spring. On the right side of the river, there are dozens of springs and 7 larger springs. Countless hot spring flow from the bottom of the earth, which looks like a group of dragon spraying water, so it got the name as “Julong Spring”.
  • Climbing along the north slope to heavenly lake, there is a naturally formed gap at the junction of the eastern end of Bulao Peakand the viewing platform, which is known as the famous Black Wind Gap (Heifeng kou) of Changbai mountain. At the wind gap, people can have a panoramic view of the Changbai waterfall and the U-shaped valley.

How to Buy Entrance Tickets:

  • Price of ticket:
Admission Fee CNY 105
Sightseeing Bus CNY 85
Bus to the Main Peak CNY 80
  • Opening time:
North slope area 06:30-17:30
West slope area 07:30-15:00(January 1st to September 3rd )
08:00-15:00 (September 4th to December 31st )
South Slope area 08:00-16:00

When is the best time to visit?

With the charming scenery and moderate temperature, Summer and autumn are the best time to visit Changbai mountain. In winter, you can go skiing in Changbai mountain, but it will be a little cold and in extreme weather condition, some scenic spots may be closed.

Tips: Visitors had better avoid the official holiday in China, because many Chinese citizens choose to travel on official holidays to ease the pressure of their work. As a result, many Chinese tourist attractions are overcrowded and traffic jams are common. Therefore, visiting China at this time will bring tourists a less pleasant travel experience.

Official Holidays in China

Chinese New Year Around January or February
Winter vacation January-February
Labor Day May1st -3rd
Summer vacation(for students) July-August31st
Mid-Autumn Festival Around mid-September
National Day October 1st-7th

How to get to the Changbai Mountain?

  • High-speed railway

Visitors can take high-speed railway at Harbin Railway Station or Harbin West Railway Station to Dunhua, which takes about 3.5 hours. And after getting off the high-speed railway, visitors need to take bus to Erdao Baihe town, and then take a taxi to the North slope area. If you want to visit West slope area, you can take bus at the Dunhua Long distance bus station to Songjianghe town, and then take a car to the west slope area.

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