With the Yellow River to the north and Qinling Mountain Range at the back to the south, Mount Hua (2,160 meters above the sea level), one of the five best-known mountains in China, stands in the south of Huayin City, 120 kilometers east of Xi’an ,and commands the gateway from Central China to the Northwest. It is well known for its steepness and picturesque beauty, acclaimed as ” the most steep mountain in the world.”
There are over 200 attractions hidden in the mountain. The famous ones are plank road, sparrow hawk chill, etc. The well known Taoist temples on the mountain are: Yuquan Temple, Dongdao Temple, and Quezhen Temple. And among the Taoist temples Yuquan Temple at foot of North Peak is the most grand one.
In recent years,the tourism here has developed rapidly. Mount Hua has been listed as one of the national AAAAA scenic spots,one of the 10 famous mountains in China, and awarded a golden medal “Top 50 Destinations in China for Foreigners” in 2006. Nowadays, Mount Hua has become a heat scenic spot for tourists all over the world.
The east peak is 2096.2 meters above sea level and it is the best peak to see the sun rise, so it has another name, Chaoyang Peak. The peak is consisted of 4 summits. The summit with Chaiyang Tai on is the highest one. Yunv Summit is in the west and Shifeng Summit is in the east, with Botai in the south. Some regard Yunv Summit a separate peak and give it a name of the Middle Peak.In the past, the road to the peak is so abrupt that it is difficult to climb to the top. But now the steps are built for safe climbing. As for the scenic spot, the most famous is the Huayue Xianzhang, which is one of the eight wonders of central Shaanxi plain. Its shape is a left hand and one can see it from very far, but only in sunny days. It is said that the palm was left when a celestial being separate two mountains. And a hotel was built at the relics of Bajing Palace in 1953.
The west peak is 2082.5 meters above sea level. It is also called Lianhua Peak because the huge stone in the peak is with the shape of a lotus and Lianhua means lotus in English. The whole peak is a megalith. The ridge connecting with the south peak is 300 meters in length, with the shape of a Chinese dragon, so the ridge has another name, Changlongling. It is one of the dangerous roads in Mount Hua. There are so many myths and legends about the peak, in which a legend is the most famous. The protagonists in the tale are a fairy and a man. They fall in love with each other, but it is forbidden by the rule of the heaven. So the fairy is prisoned under the Mount Hua after giving birth to a baby. When the baby grows up, he tries his best to save her mother and finally cuts through the mount. And there are also a lot of calligraphy works in the peak from famous calligraphers
The north peak is in the north part of Mount Hua, with another name, Yuntai Peak. There was a pavilion in the peak, named Yiyunting, which means a pavilion connecting with clouds, although now the pavilion leaves only a relic. Standing on the peak one can enjoy the beauty of the other three peaks and Changlongling in the south. It is a good place of resting when climbing. In 1996, the cable car to the peak went into operation.
There are many scenic spots in the peak. Changchun Stone Room is one of them. Changchun is a man whose name is Du Ruoqian. He is a Daoist and practices Daoism in this place. He likes playing the flute and throws the flute away when the tune is finished. He can stay in the room for several months, playing the flute, so he calls himself Mr. Changchun, which has the similar pronunciation of Changchui, meaning playing the flute usually. Another scenic spot is Zhenwudian, which is built for the God Zhenwu. He is also a Daoist and practices Daoism in Mount Hua. He has three birds to tell him things will happen in the future and he has the ability of summoning soil and oil.
The south peak is 2154.9 meters high and it is the highest peak. There are three summits in the peak, in the shape of a giant sitting with the face to the south. One summit is called Luoyan Summit because wild goose always falls on the summit. And the top of this summit is the highest point of Mount Hua. Songhui Summit is a little lower than Luoyan Summit, but larger than it. There are a lot of Himalayan pines in the summit and Baidi Temple stands on the summit. The temple is covered by iron tile, so it is also called Iron Tile Temple. There are also some scenic spots on the peak, for example, Nantianmen, the door to the heaven, is located here.
In central location stand the Middle Peak which is also known as Jade Lady Peak. It is lower than other four peaks and is closest to the east peak. So in past people regarded the Middle Peak as a part of East peak. In legend, Middle peak is the reclusive location of Daughter of Mugong of Qin State in Spring and Autumn Period. She gave up the leisurely court life and lived here with her sweethearts. So on the peak top there build a memorial temple for the lady.
- March 1st-November 30th: RMB 180 per person
- December 1st-February 28th (29th): RMB100 per person
- Cost for North Peak Cable Car: CNY120 per way, CNY240 for round way
- Cost for West Peak Cable Car: CNY140 per way, CNY280 for round way
- Cost for North Peak Cable Car Shuttle bus: CNY 20 per way, CNY40 for round way
- Cost for West Peak Cable Car Shuttle bus: CNY 40 per way, CNY80 for round way
Public Transportation: D/G train between from North Xian Station to Huashanbei Station
Tips for Mt. Huashan visiting
- It will spends at least one full day to visit the mountain from Xian. Please depart Xian before 07:30.
- There is no restaurant on mountain top, please prepare some food for lunch on the traveling day.
- If visit the mountain in summer, please prepare protection from strong sunlight on mountain top.
- Please avoid visit the mountain on rainy days or snowy days. It gets more dangerous on those days.
Tours including Mt. Huashan:
One Day Mt. Huashan Small Group Tour
Xian Mt. Huashan Adventure Day Tour
3 Days Xian & Mt. Huashan Tour
Find more related tour by clicking here.