Xian is the ancient capital for 13 dynasties, among which the history of Qin, Han and Tang dynasties have the most interesting history, leaving profound cultural deposits. For an in-depth understanding of the history of Qin, it is inevitable to start with the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the first emperor Qin Shihuang, which is the most famous scenic spot in Xian and has been called “the eighth wonder of the world”.
Some people may consider it hard to be obsessed with those gray figures, however, what’s is incredible is that the tourist amount of Terracotta Warriors has ever reached 160 thousand a day, during the holiday of Spring Festival in 2019. To put it this way, there are about 6,000 Terracotta figures in the No. 1 pit, the largest one in the scenic area, and there are about 1,000 pieces of the figures that have been restored and exhibited. So basically, 1.6 million tourists means that per Terracotta figure is supposed to welcome a dozen of people on average. How busy they are!
It is said that the Terracotta Warriors are all with single eyelids. In the Qin dynasty, single eyelid was the standard for handsome men, which was also the earmark of pure Han people’s appearance. As is known, Terracotta Warriors all look not exactly the same from each other. One of the notable actors in China, named Ge You, said that a figure with 97% similarity to his appearance was once found here. What do you think of the level of how Terracotta Warriors look in your eyes?
As mentioned before, the first pit is the largest, while the second is actually also a big one, which is just has not been fully excavated yet. Besides, the figures buried in the second pit are valiant and heroic combat troop, so it was with more ornamental value. Xian local people said that when the Terracotta Warriors were first found, they were all lying down without being repaired. By current technology, only 14 figures can be restored each year, which means there’s still a long way to go but more and more terracotta figures can be seen later.
The pit No. 3 is the smallest, and there are only about 60 terracotta figures in it, which is equivalent to a battle headquarters. However, no commander has been found in it. According to experts, this commander is likely to be the Emperor Qin himself. After all, the ancient emperors, especially the first emperor who unified the whole country, had to keep the military power in their own hands.
The Terracotta Warriors are just a tip of the iceberg versus the whole mausoleum of Emperor Qin, and it has showed no signs of being stolen ever. The Terracotta Warriors people see now is just one of more than 400 burial pits. The whole mausoleum measures 56.25 square kilometers, about the size of 2.5 Macao. It may take hundreds of years to entirely excavate the mausoleum, which will surely rewrite the history books by then.